Many students ask for a list of the main differences between MLA and APA. Please see below.
The main differences between MLA and APA are as follows:
|Type||MLA Format||APA Format|
|Date:||– The date follows the publisher in the citation and is not in parentheses.||– The date follows the author and is in parentheses.|
|Author’s Name:||– The author’s full name (first and last) is spelled out.||– The author’s last name is spelled out and the first name is reduced to initials.|
|Capitalization:||– All major words in the title are capitalized and the title is underlined.||– Only the first word of the title, the first word of a subtitle, and any proper nouns (like names) are capitalized. Everything else is lowercase. Also, the title is written in italics.|
|Source Page:||– The source page is called a “Works Cited”.||– The source page is called a “References”.|
|In-Text Citations:||– MLA uses the last name of the author and the page number.||– APA uses the last name of the author and the date.|
|– MLA does not uses commas to separate the material, or p. pp. before the page numbers.||– APA does use commas and, if a page is mentioned, uses p. and pp.|
Differences between MLA and APA Examples:
MLA: (Burns 101)
APA: (Burns, 1999, p. 4)
Here are two comparison examples:
Klaphake, Elizabeth. My Life as an English Professor. Bellevue,
Nebraska: Bellevue University Press. 1999.
Klaphake, E. (1999). My life as an English professor. Bellevue,
Nebraska: Bellevue University Press.
– Bellevue University’s Writing Center.